The Havel is a river system that begins in the Mecklenburg Lake District
near Neubrandenburg and courses south through Berlin, then west through the city
of Brandenburg and eventually flows into the Elbe at Havelberg. In all, the river
is 202 miles (325 kilometers).
10, 2011. We are six on this tour. In addition to ourselves, Guntram and Ulla and
Rolf and Ute joined us. So, basically, it is the same crew with whom we toured Holland
on the Ship and Bike in 2010. We engaged the firm of
Die Landpartie who transferred
our bags from one prearranged lodging to the next. That service is convenient for
us. All we carried was our picnic lunch and a minimum of clothes for comfort. Since
the weather was warm, the clothing was lightweight. I carried my normal trunk rack
full of tools, spare parts, and duct tape, of course.
Our tour as laid out by Die Landpartie is only 147 miles (236 kilometers) and
takes 5 leisurely days through mostly flat terrain. It begins in Rheinsberg and
ends in Brandenburg. With a travel day on either end, the total time is 7 days.
I would prefer a longer ride starting nearer the source and ending on the Elbe but
I can save that for another year.
The signage was good but around Berlin,
there was a confusion of signs for different long distance cycle paths. One really
needs a guidebook to stay on the Havel cycle path.
There is no shortage of good
accommodations although our overnight lodgings were prearranged by the tour company.
As our overnight stops were prearranged,
we stopped at Rheinsberg, Zehdenick, Oranienburg, Potsdam, Werder and Brandenburg.
We also found several smaller villages that were quaint.
We used the
Esterbauer "bikeline" guide
Mit Havelland-Radweg, Von der Mecklenburgischen Seenplatte
an die Elbe Radtourenbuch, 1:75,000 by Verlag Esterbauer GmbH. The book provided
by the tour company seemed to be produced by Esterbauer Verlag and customized although
it contains most of the information that Esterbauer has in their publicly offered
guidebook. While the text is in Deutsch, a map is a picture in any language.
The image of the bikeline Guidebook will appear here when I receive permission
from Verlag Esterbauer.
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Day 1: Rheinsberg to Zehdenick
The path is rolling terrain of
rural fields and forests climbing to 100 feet near Zernikow before becoming less
rolling. The tour company through whose auspices we can have most of our luggage
forwarded and who made advance reservations all along the way provided a reservation
for the six of us at Gasthof und Fleischerei Endler, operated by, wait for it, who
else, the Family Endler. Their address is Mühlenstrasse 14, 16831 Rheinsberg, Germany;
telephone 033931/2079; email firstname.lastname@example.org;
They charge from €30 (low season) to €40 (high season) per person for a double bed
room, of which they have plenty. We were all comfortable there and enjoyed their
restaurant as well. In the restaurant for a digestive, they offer their homemade
Schnapps called Darmspülung (roughly translated, this is the medicine
you take prior to a colonoscopy to clear your GI track).
Rheinsberg is the start of our
tour but it is not even on the Havel River. We start here because it has train connections.
We join the Havel River at mile 21 (kilometer 34). Another reason for starting here
is that the town is picturesque. It also has several lodging opportunities.
Our first stop is the Schloss or palace. Schloss Rheinsberg has been
in existence in some form since 1464. Each of several successive owners remodeled
the structure over the centuries. In 1734 it became the property of the Crown Prince
and later King of Prussia Frederick William I (preußischer König Friedrich
Wilhelm I). Frederick William I gave the palace to his son, Frederick William II
(Frederick the Great or Der Alte Fritz as he was nicknamed in German) who
used it until he gained the throne on the death of his father. Then in 1744, Frederick
the Great gave Schloss Rheinsberg to one of his younger brothers, Henry (Heinrich).
According to our tour guide, Henry was married, a patron of the arts like his royal
brother, a successful general in the Prussian Army, and gay. Henry is buried in
the garden of the palace. Nowadays, the castle is a tourist attraction owned by
the German government.
We reached Zernikow after
following the cycle path through a forest. There are several piles of logs along
the path, which is quite typical in German forests. We stopped for lunch at the
lake Kleiner Wentowsee.
We turn off a light-traffic
road and find a sign telling us that for the next 10 kilometers we will be riding
through an area that used to be the largest source of brick production in Europe.
The clay was mined in open pit mines that have long since filled with water making
a series of more than 20 small lakes, all fed by groundwater or the Havel River.
It is called the Zehdenick Clay Area and is the location of Mildenberg Brick Park
(kilometer 36.2). This area was the site of over 57 brick kilns and employed as
many as 50,000 workers in its heyday. The main growth of the brick industry began
in 1887 when railroads were first utilized here. The last kiln was closed in 1991.
The Mildenberg Brick Park is interesting for young and old alike. There is a narrow
gauge train ride one can take and listen to information in German about the work
that went on here during their heyday.
The canal boat in the photograph on the right is no longer used but it is the
largest of its kind. The crane behind the boat was built in 1907 and used until
1990. The following are photographs of Mildenberg Brick Park.
spent the evening in the Havelschloss in Zehdenick. It is a three-star hotel and
much nicer than Maxa and I are used to but we warmed quickly to its benefits. Their
telephone is 033094/700-501 and the website is
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Day 2: Zehdenick to Oranienburg
Most of today is on a flat paved
path alongside the Havel or as it is signed, the Voss Kanal.
After riding along the canal
on a nice paved cycle path we are in Liebenswalde.
we ride through a forest for several kilometers, along a great cycle path. We stop
for the night at Strandhotel Germendorf in Oranienburg,
They charge €70 to €80 for a double room and they have a variety of rooms. Kremmener
Allee 24 b, 16515 Oranienburg OT Germendorf telephone 03301/ 58 65- 0. The hotel
is almost 6 kilometers west of downtown near a beautiful park.
Day 3: Oranienburg to Potsdam Day
Most of the way today is paved with
short stretches of well-packed gravel. The only significant hill is one we would
have avoided if had we stayed on the correct path in Wannsee (after the ferry).
Today’s ride is probably the longest of the entire tour at almost 38 miles.
Man, we get lost just trying to
find our way back to the cycle path. Thinking logically (Germany is a logical country
and they speak a very logical language) we reason that if we just followed the right
bank of the Havel we would find a bridge into downtown and there connect with the
path. Wrong. Somehow we crossed under the bridge without noticing. The path along
the river starts out wide with firm gravel like many cycle paths but then it diminishes
into a loose dirt footpath with overhanging brambles. We turn right into the residential
area and ask directions. We find we are much further south than we want to be. Now
we backtrack to a bridge and pick up the path.
I start my cyclometer at the Havel
as we ride into Lehnitz and pick up the cycle path a couple kilometers south of
where we left it last night in the center of Oranienburg.
We ride past a sign saying
that here is a “Grenztor Niederneuendorf” that apparently was an entrance, or exit,
into West Berlin from East Germany. Interestingly, I could not find a community
named Niederneuendorf on the map but I guess it is just west of Hohenneuendorf.
Niederneuendorf means Lower-new-village in English while Hohenneuendorf means Upper-new-village,
don'tchaknow. The “Berlin Wall” is no longer in evidence. If one did not know exactly
where the infamous wall used to be (with the help of signs like the yellow post
shown in the photograph or the guard tower) you could cross the border between East
and West without noticing.
The photograph on the right
is of the Nikolaikirche, a 700-year old church in the Altstadt of Spandau
and the spot where Prince Elector Joachim II Hector first attended a Protestant
service in 1539. The Altstadt of Spandau is on what used to be an island
in the Havel at the confluence of the Spree. On the north end of the island is a
citadel formed in the shape of a four-pointed star built at the end of the 16th
Century. The following photographs are also within and without (Joachim II) of the
Nikolaikirche (Nicolas Church).
We cross into Gatow. Early
in our 40+ year marriage, Maxa and I visited a Kleingarten (a small garden
plot with a small garden house) in this suburb of Berlin that was owned by her uncle.
We remember lying lazily on the shore of the lake and watching sailboats in the
river - which here looks like a medium size lake.
Shown as an alternative in
our bikeline guidebook, we opt to take a ferry across the river shortening our ride
by a few kilometers. More than anything else, the ferry ride is a break from pedaling
and some in our group seem to prefer that. I must admit, given today’s perfect weather
a short boat ride is relaxing.
The Havel River here is wide, it appears to be a lake (called the Grosser Wannsee)
but it does have a current. At the landing on the other side is a park and a residential
community also called Wannsee. When we stop for supplies at a grocery store, Rolf
rides ahead. He sees a path sign and follows it to the right off the arterial street.
10 minutes later I miss seeing the sign so the rest of us end up needlessly climbing
a 150-foot hill on the sidewalk. Note that normally riding on the sidewalk (unless
that sidewalk is signed as a cycle path) is prohibited by adults but the heavy traffic
makes us decide to be criminals. I would rather be a live criminal than a dead-law
abiding cyclist; the others agree.
We cross back over to the
right bank of the Havel on a famous bridge dubbed the “bridge of spies.” The Glienicke
Bridge was the border between the American sector in West Berlin and the Russian
sector in East Germany. Spy exchanges between America and Russia occurred on this
bridge. The method was that officials from the two governments would release their
prisoners simultaneously at their respective end of the bridge and the individuals
being exchanged would walk across the bridge toward waiting countrymen passing each
other in the middle. Spy movies of the Cold War frequently showed this bridge. More
at Wikipedia's "Glienicke
We stop for the night at
Hotel Froschkasten (translation “Frog box”). The address is Kiez Strasse 3-4; 14467
Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany. Telephone (0331) 291315; email
www.froschkasten.de. It is a two-star hotel
and quite nice. Built in 1777, the hotel restaurant serves traditional Berliner
cuisine. The rooms range between €58 to €75 per night for two people.
The Froschkasten is one of the oldest pubs in Potsdam. The name "Frog Box" refers
to frogs that hibernated over-winter in the fishnet shed next door. The frogs amused
the customers with loud croaking the next spring. Potsdam is a military town. In
times not so long past, newly inducted troops would celebrate "Festival of Old Bones"
in the Froschkasten pub. The Old Bones are the soldiers who had at least a year
of service. The older soldiers would wear costumes during the humorous, raucous,
and probably drunken party or I do not know German soldiers, past or present. The
paintings in the Froschkasten bar are from those days.
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Day 4: Potsdam to Werder
Today we only ride a short distance
because we spend most of the day touring the Royal Park in Potsdam. Our cycle path
is paved and flat, except in the park.
Leaving our hotel we ride just
down the street to the “Mosque” which is not a mosque at all but a steam-driven
pumping station for the main fountain in Sanssouci Royal Park. The builder was honoring
the many Muslim workers of the buildings and grounds of the Royal Park by mimicking
the appearance of a mosque to house the pumping station.
Speaking of Sanssouci (aka Sans Souci, a French term that in the modern
vernacular means “no worries, maaan”), it was first envisioned by Frederick William
II, King of Prussia and the same person we mentioned when we were in Rheinsberg
at the start of the tour. Frederick William II (aka Der Alte Fritz), began
construction on Sanssouci and garden park in 1745 shortly after the completion of
an expensive war with Austria. He wanted to prove to the “world” (meaning, in this
case, his uncles, aunts, cousins, in-laws, etc. who were also European monarchs)
that Prussia was indeed strong and wealthy. He wanted to communicate that none of
the “World” should even think of taking his kingdom from him. Sanssouci Royal Park
is anchored at one end by Sanssouci Palace and at the other end by The New Palace.
In between is a garden park built in the manner of and to rival the Versailles Palace
in France. The king built the New Palace in 1763 after the Seven Years War, which
reportedly nearly bankrupted Prussia. So, my take away here is that when your bank
account is nearly empty, spend a lot of money on a new palace to prove you are still
wealthy - even if you are faking it. If you visit Berlin, Potsdam is worth a day
or two side trip just to see these palaces, the park and the surrounding sights
that include Cecilienhof Palace, the place where, in 1945, European borders were
redrawn by Stalin, Truman, and Churchill.
We leave the park after seeing
about a third of the sights. We have been here before so this time we did not enter
any of the palaces. We did however, pedal up to the Russian Chapel Alexander-Newski-Gedächtniskirche.
It is interesting and worth the short ride. A Gedächtniskirche is a memorial
We stop for the evening
on the island in Werder. Our rooms are in Hotel zur Insel (hotel on the Island).
Again this is perhaps a two-star accommodation with another quality restaurant.
The address is Am Markt 6, 14542 Werder (Havel). The website is
www.hotel-zur-insel.de and the email
address is email@example.com.
For the 49 rooms, the charge is about €85 for a double room.
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Day 5: Werder to Brandenburg Day
Today we have a modest hill to climb
over just before we get to Gollwitz but the entire path is paved; especially if
you stay on the correct path, which we did not.
Leaving Werder, we pass a bicycle
Museum (Fahrrad Museum). We do not stop because we know what bicycles look
like. Actually, such museums are interesting especially for Americans like me who
seldom see antique bicycles. However, there is one in Kassel, where we stay when
in Germany, so I do not need to stop and everyone else on the tour with us has seen
such museums as well.
In Gollwitz, we come to
a T in the road. While there should be a path sign here there is not. My theory
is that some little kid, who is probably hiding in the bushes and snickering as
we pass, took the sign down to see how many cyclists he could fool. In addition
to the six of us, there are at least ten more who also take this wrong turn. We
turned right when we should have taken the left turn through town.
After crossing a busy
Bundesstrasse while watching for traffic, we ride into Brandenburg. Brandenburg
was in the East during DDR (Deutsche Demokratische Republik) times. To me, it does
not look very appealing with many tired buildings, some obviously the subject of
continuing neglect. Sure, there are some tired buildings in the former West too
but not as many. The photographs below are of Brandenburg. As we have seen several
statues of Roland on our different tours, finally we find an explanatory sign telling
us that the statue really means that goods sold in the market square are authorized
by the King.
We end our tour at the Brandenburg Bahnhof where we depart after spending
the night in a Hotel Pension Gerono, Address:
Magdeburger Straße 12, 14770 Brandenburg an der Havel, Germany telephone: 3381 34090;
the cost is €45 plus an optional €10 for breakfast.
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